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P.S.H.E.

To be a great citizen of the future....

To be a great citizen of the future.... 1

Hello, I am Miss Ward and I am the coordinator of PSHE at Hayfield Lane Primary School.

 

Why do we need to teach Relationships Education at Hayfield Lane?

 

The Statutory Guidance for RSE states that:

today’s children and young people are growing up in an increasingly complex world and living their lives seamlessly on and offline. This presents many positive and exciting opportunities, but also challenges and risks. In this environment, children and young people need to know how to be safe and healthy, and how to manage their academic, personal and social lives in a positive way.

 

In addition, national data collected over the last 10 years https://mhfaengland.org/mhfa-centre/research-and-evaluation/mental-health-statistics/#impact-young-people relating to young people’s mental health shows that:

  • In an average classroom, ten children will have witnessed their parents separate, eight will have experienced severe physical violence, sexual abuse or neglect, one will have experienced the death of a parent and seven will have been bullied (3) 
  • 12.8% of young people aged 5-19 meet clinical criteria for a mental health disorder (6) 
  • About 10% of young people aged 8-15 experience a low sense of wellbeing (11) 
  • Only one in eight children who have been sexually abused come to the attention of statutory agencies (12) 
  • In 2017, 3.9% of 5-10 year old children had an anxiety disorder, as did 7.5% of 11-16 year olds and 13.1% of 17-19 year olds (4)  
  • Symptoms of depression are more common and severe in young people who identify as LGBT+ than in those who do not (14,16) 
  • Adolescents who identify as LGBT+ are at increased risk of anxiety disorders (18,19) 
  • 11% - 32% of young people who identify as LGBT+ have attempted suicide in their lifetime (8,16,20) 
  • Cyberbullying-related contacts to ChildLine went up by 12% in 2016/17 (4) 
  • Young people who identify as LGBT+ are more likely to show symptoms of eating disorders than those who do not identify as LGBT+ (8,15) 

 

The above data illustrates the importance of the Relationships Education at Hayfield Lane Primary School to enable us to address the issues listed above.

 

At Hayfield Lane, the content of the Relationships Education curriculum is placed into categories, based on government guidance:

 

Area of Learning

Reason

Families and people who care for me

 

So that our children understand what positive family relationships look like and the skills needed to create these relationships while being able to identify unhealthy or unsafe family relationships. This will contribute to our children forming healthy families of their own in the future and will also help to ensure their safety as they will be able to recognise signs of unhealthy family relationships.

We also feel it is essential that all children celebrate the different family structures in society, in accordance with the key British Values. We want our children to become adults who welcome differences, which will contribute to the reduction of racism, homophobia, transphobia and other prejudices and help our children to become valuable members of the community, acting as a model for others.

 

Caring friendships

 

So that our children can move through school, developing caring friendships along the way and then take these skills forward to secondary school and through to their adult lives, to contribute to positive mental health. The NHS website explains how relationships with friends can help combat mental health issues and so we want our children to build these skills from an early age.

We also want our children to be able to make sensible decisions about who to trust and who not to trust and what they should do if a friend makes them feel unsafe or uncomfortable. This skill is absolutely vital so that children can spot danger signs of abuse in themselves and others and can receive the support that they need.

Respectful relationships

 

So that our children, who are growing up in both a multicultural town and country, welcome and celebrate the differences in people. This is particularly important given that the majority of our pupils are from White British backgrounds. They will then take this forward into their future lives, enabling them to be valuable members of their communities. This applies not just to race but to all differences between people.

We also want to ensure that our pupils have the skills to be able to identify and deal effectively with bullying situations, so that at both our school and secondary school, they understand the different types of bullying and know what to do if they or anyone they know is a victim. We also hope to deter them from become bullies themselves through educating them about the consequences of their actions.

Online relationships

 

So that our pupils have strategies to be able to be successful in the ever-growing online world. We aim to ensure that our children are able to keep themselves safe in this world and believe that we have a vital role in this. In addition, it is predicted that in another 20 years, 90% of jobs will have a digital element, so we want our children to be able to use technology respectfully to help them in their future careers.

Being safe

 

So that our children are aware of what constitutes safe and unsafe behaviour and contact and therefore can keep themselves safe. We want them to be able to recognise unsafe behaviour and inappropriate physical contact and to know what to do if they experience these, allowing them to protect themselves from both dangerous situations and abuse now and as they grow up.

 

 

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